GSFC Earth System Science Education Project

NATIONAL CONTENT STANDARDS FOR SCIENCE EDUCATION
GRADES 9-12


A. Science as Inquiry


Abilities and Concepts:

  1. Identify questions and concepts that guide scientific investigations
  2. Design and conduct scientific investigations
  3. Use technology and mathematics to improve investigations and communications.
  4. Formulate and revise explanations and models using logic and evidence
  5. Recognize and analyze alternative explanations and models
  6. Communicate and defend a scientific argument


B. Physical Science


Develop understanding of:

  1. Structure of atoms
  2. Structure and properties of matter
  3. Chemical reactions
  4. Motions and forces
  5. Conservation of energy and increase in disorder
  6. Interactions of energy and matter


C. Life Science

Develop understanding of:

  1. The cell
  2. Molecular basis of heredity
  3. Biological evolution
  4. Interdependence of organisms
  5. Matter, energy, and organization in living systems
  6. Behavior of organisms



D. Earth and Space Science

Develop understanding of:

  1. Energy in the earth system
  2. Geochemical cycles
  3. Origin and evolution of the earth system
  4. Origin and evolution of the universe

E. Science and Technology


Should Develop:

  1. Abilities of technology design
  2. Understandings about science and technology


F. Science In Personal And Social Perspectives

Develop understanding of:

  1. Personal and community health
  2. Population growth
  3. Natural resources
  4. Environmental Quality
  5. Natural and human induced hazards
  6. Science and technology in local, national, and global challenges


G. History and Nature of Science

Develop understanding of:

  1. Science as human endeavor
  2. Nature of scientific knowledge
  3. Historical perspectives